Psoriasis: causes and treatment of the disease
The appearance of psoriasis, its causes, and treatment of disease, a concept inextricably linked because of the circumstances that resulted in the development of the disease usually depends on the method of treatment and ways of dealing with the pathology of the skin. To assign the correct and effective therapy, a dermatologist is necessary to establish what factors gave impetus to the development of the disease, so the issue of causal relationship between the occurrence of the disease and its treatment should be given special attention.
Pay attention! Traditional medicine doesn't consider psoriasis as a separate disease, under the appearance of the disease refers to the failure of the body, particularly its immune system, which leads not only to the appearance of rashes on the skin, but also to the dysfunction of other body systems (endocrine, nervous).
In modern medicine there are some basic theories that explain the occurrence of psoriasis. Let us more detail on some of them.
As mentioned earlier, the body's susceptibility to psoriasis may be inherited.
Pay attention! Inheritance can only be passed on a genetic predisposition, but in any case not the disease itself.
So, the patient, relatives or relative who is susceptible to the disease automatically gets to group of risk. However, on the other hand, to assert that the manifestation of diseases due to genetic predisposition is necessary, is impossible.
Additional information! According to statistics, a child born in a family where both parents are affected by psoriasis, the disease will occur in 70% of cases, if the disease suffers only the father or the mother of the baby is 25 %. To avoid manifestations of the disease, you need to follow the recommendations of dermatologists and nutritionists regularly to take preventive measures.
Despite the presence of many scientific papers supporting this theory, consider it as the basic cause of pathology is impossible. Proven that some people, particularly Indians, places of localization which are the Andes and the Inuit, suffer from psoriasis much less frequently than other ethnic groups. Genetic features of these ethnic groups suggests the sustainability of their representatives to psoriasis.
Violation of exchange substances
In some cases, when the diagnosis of psoriasis in patients have been identified symptoms indicating the violation of metabolic processes in the body.
The first signs of metabolic disorders include:
- elevated body temperature;
- high concentration of cholesterol;
- a failure in the exchange of vitamins, carbohydrates and minerals.
The factors that indicate the metabolic disorders in patient's body, formed the basis of another theory of the origin of psoriasis, claiming that the cause of pathology may be a violation of metabolic processes.
Supporters of the viral theory argue that the manifestation of the disease may be triggered by a viral infection. In their view, evidence of the viral origin of the disease is the fact that during an infectious disease the symptoms of psoriasis are aggravated, and the patient's condition deteriorates. However, on the other hand, the progression of the disease can be explained by the weakening of the immune system, which is quite typical for the body during illness. The existence of a particular virus causing the development of skin pathologies, for the moment, science is not known.
Questionable viral theory proves the fact that psoriasis is not contagious and is not transmitted during contact. Moreover, as practice shows, even during the transfusion of blood from a sick patient healthy infection does not occur, so psoriasis belongs to the category of noncommunicable diseases.
According to the endocrine theory one of the reasons for the manifestations of psoriasis is a hormonal imbalance. Dysfunction of endocrine system leads to disruption of the regulatory function, which in turn triggers the overproduction of skin cells. It is this theory justified the exacerbation of the disease during periods of hormonal surges in women during pregnancy.
Despite a lot of evidence in favor of the endocrine theory, the hormone responsible for the education and development of the disease, not currently identified, so consider this theory the fundamental impossible.
A relatively new theory, based on the appearance of psoriasis is neurogenic theory. According to this doctrine the impetus for the emergence of disease can be heightened emotionality of the patient, susceptibility to stress, shock, nervousness. Neuroses lead to a substantial narrowing of blood vessels, causing the blood supply of the skin deteriorates considerably, on the epidermis and cause pimples.
The immune theory
The greatest number of physicians are committed to the immune theory, according to which the main cause of the disease is a malfunction of the immune system. The formation of papules on the skin is a consequence of autoimmune aggression. Dysfunction of the immune system to provoke rejection of skin cells, not their perception.
Studies of the scales of the papules showed that in their structure contain anti-gene complexes, not typical of healthy cells. It immune theory explains why psoriasis is often aggravated on the background of infectious diseases. A weakened immune system is the most favourable ground for the emergence and development of disease.
The causes of the disease: hereditary and acquired
After examining the existing theory of the origin of psoriasis, it is possible to draw the following conclusions:
- the causes of disease manifestations, hereditary and acquired;
- there is a category of patients, more susceptible to the disease (persons suffering from obesity, allergies, weakened immune system).
The acquired causes of psoriasis include:
- mechanical damage to the skin, injury. This applies especially to patients with thin and sensitive skin;
- the abuse of specific drugs;
- excessive use of chemicals and other corrosive substances;
- sharp change of climatic conditions;
- abuse of anti-bacterial products that destroy the beneficial bacteria located on the epidermis;
- improper diet, excessive consumption of fatty foods, semi-finished products with a high content of food additives, alcohol;
Pay attention! Per meal is allowed to drink no more than 100 grams of red wine. Alcohol abuse leads to worsening of the disease or the occurrence of its symptoms.
Symptoms of psoriasis
To get psoriasis at any age, but in accordance with studies, greater at risk age category of patients up to 30 years. Despite the fact, when and how did yours start to follow the recommendations of dermatologists and to deal with the symptoms of the disease a must.
Importantly! Although pathology is not fatal, it could not run. It could trigger the defeat not only of the skin but also nails, joints. Advanced form of psoriasis is the reason for the development of other pathologies, particularly diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases.
How to recognize psoriasis, it first signs:
- education on the skin papules that at first glance can be confused with allergies;
- the spread of the rash, enlargement of the area affected;
- lamination nails;
- the formation of blisters on the palms and feet;
- skin peeling;
- the appearance of itching and burning. The desire to scratch the localization of papules is constantly increasing.
Places of localization of psoriasis:
- elbow joint;
- hair head covers;
- internal and external part of the ear;
- the skin of the face, mainly the appearance of the papules characteristic of the area of the eyebrows, eyes, less frequently – lip;
Traditional and alternative treatments of psoriasis
At the heart of medical therapy usually are traditional methods, which include:
- the use of external agents (ointments, creams, shampoos for psoriasis on head);
- the use of drugs to domestic actions (vitamins, anti-inflammatories, antidepressants, tranquilizers, means to strengthen the immune system, antifungal drugs);
- non-pharmacological methods of treatment (ultraviolet irradiation, cryogenic and laser therapy, phototherapy, electrotherapy, etc.).
Additionally, you can use the methods and techniques of alternative medicine, namely:
- air and climate therapy;
- the salt therapy.
So, if we talk about the causes of psoriasis, these may be many factors, but if you follow the recommendations of dermatologists and nutritionists to get rid of his symptoms and to achieve a significant improvement in health status is quite real. Remember to start the development of the disease it is impossible in any case because it can harm not only you but also your descendants.